The Schaffer method is a research-based writing formula commonly taught in middle and high school settings. The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays.
A basic Schaffer paragraph begins with the topic sentence—stating with a topic and an opinion, what the paragraph is about, then followed by a concrete detail, two commentary sentences, and a closing sentence. This is called a one-chunk body paragraph and is the most basic Schaffer model.
Likewise, is Jane Schaffer alive? SAN DIEGO (SDJW)–Jane Schaffer, a master teacher whose methodology for writing essays is taught in high schools around the country, died of brain cancer early Sunday morning at home. She was 64.
Also Know, how do you write a Jane Schaffer essay?
It is a writing format for essays. It consists of a minimum of five paragraphs: thesis statement, body paragraphs (three or more) in chunks, and a concluding sentence and a concluding paragraph.
What is an example of a concrete detail?
Concrete details describe things that can be detected with the senses, while abstract details describe ideas that cannot be seen, smelled, heard, tasted or felt. “A blue book” is concrete, while “happiness” is abstract.
How do you write a 3 chunk paragraph?
They are the evidence that proves your topic sentence. CDs include: evidence. examples. Topic Sentence or Claim: Topic Sentence. Concrete Detail. Commentary. Commentary. Concrete Detail. Commentary. Commentary. Concrete Detail.
How do you start a commentary?
Part 1 Starting the Literary Commentary Read the passage several times. Start by reading the passage once out loud to yourself and once in your head. Highlight keywords in the text. Take a pen, pencil, or highlighter and mark any words that feel important in the text. Create an outline.
How do you start a topic sentence?
The topic sentence should identify the main idea and point of the paragraph. To choose an appropriate topic sentence, read the paragraph and think about its main idea and point. The supporting details in the paragraph (the sentences other than the topic sentence) will develop or explain the topic sentence.
How do you write a two chunk paragraph?
A two chunk paragraph contains a transition word, a topic sentence, a concrete detail, two commentary sentences, another concrete detail, two more commentary sentences, and a concluding sentence. It is no less than eight sentences, however, can be much longer in length.
What is topic sentence in a paragraph?
Topic sentence. In expository writing, a topic sentence is a sentence that summarizes the main idea of a paragraph. It is usually the first sentence in a paragraph. Also known as a focus sentence, it encapsulates or organizes an entire paragraph.
How do you write a hook?
Try these creative hook ideas for essays: Start with a question. Asking your readers to think about the topic is a great way to get them ready to hear more. Use descriptive words. Creating a picture in the reader’s mind can make him or her feel connected to your writing. Leave it a mystery.
How can I write paragraph?
refine, and explain your ideas so that you write clear, well-developed paragraphs and discussion posts: Step 1: Decide the Topic of Your Paragraph. Step 2: Develop a Topic Sentence. Step 3: Demonstrate Your Point. Step 4: Give Your Paragraph Meaning. Step 5: Conclude. Step 6: Look Over and Proofread.
How do we write a conclusion?
Conclude an essay with one or more of the following: Include a brief summary of the paper’s main points. Ask a provocative question. Use a quotation. Evoke a vivid image. Call for some sort of action. End with a warning. Universalize (compare to other situations). Suggest results or consequences.
What is a CD in an essay?
1st sentence: Topic sentence: This is like a mini-thesis statement. 2nd sentence: Concrete Detail (CD): This is a fact, quote, example, etc. Basically, it is evidence from the text supporting your topic sentence.
What is commentary in a body paragraph?
Commentary (CM) Your opinion or comment about – not concrete detail. Synonyms include opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, inference, personal response, feelings, evaluation, explication, and reflection. Topic Sentence. The first sentence in a body paragraph.
What are concrete details in an essay?
Tips on Writing a Concrete Detail Essay. Concrete details are things that we can detect with our senses. In contrast, abstract details describe things that cannot be heard, seen, or smelled. “A green pencil” is concrete, while “satisfaction” is abstract.
What does CS mean in English class?
How many concrete details are needed in a body paragraph?
How many Body Paragraph do you need? One strong reason, You need at least 2 concrete details. Proof for the topic sentences and thesis. Your concrete details become the foundation of your thesis.